Periodontics (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)
Periodontics is a specialty of dentistry that studies and treats inflammatory diseases related to tissues that involve the dental elements.
It is a chronic and asymptomatic disease that affects the gums and the supporting tissues of the teeth (bone and cementum).
These tissues undergo pathological changes called periodontal diseases (Gingivitis and Periodontitis), caused by an accumulation of bacterial plaque that can lead to complete loss of teeth.
This clinical picture is associated with a poor hygiene technique that initially causes a slight gingival bleeding, which, if left untreated, can progress to a more severe clinical picture (Periodontitis).
Periodontal diseases are also associated with Halitosis (bad breath), gingival bleeding and dentin hypersensitivity.
As it is a “silent” disease, Periodontitis goes unnoticed for most patients, being sometimes detected late, thus worsening its prognosis.